30. Residence of the Provost

The residence buildings surrounding the Rosenhof, the courtyard where we are now standing, separated the cathedral close from the town. This was the official residence of the Provost until 1515. The most famous provost was Nikolaus of Kues

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Ölgemälde mit Nikolaus von Kues
Nikolaus von Kues (1401-1464)

who held this office as a prebend from 1435 to 1445 and again from 1459 to 1464. In his first term, he finished his most famous work “De docta ignorantia".

Der Anfang von De docta ignorantia in einer Handschrift aus dem Besitz des Verfassers
Beginning of "De docta ignorantia"

The office of the Provost was assigned to the Archbishop of Trier in 1515.The building on our left, the middle and oldest part originating from the 15th-17th c., became the cellarage after 1515. Church revenues were administered here. Franz Georg Severus Weckbecker (1775-1862) added the gabled houses.

Franz Georg Severus Weckbecker
Franz Georg Severus Weckbecker

He became rich by speculating in real estate, e.g. after 1802, when he purchased the greatest part of the residence from the French state. Commemorating his family, the coat of arms stone was mounted by the town in 1913 at the wish of his descendants. Town administration was located in this building from 1897 to 1998.Weckbecker also purchased the "Marstall", built by Elector Johann III in 1535.

Grabmonument des Johann III. von Metzenhausen aus dem Trierer Dom
Grave memorial of Johann III. von Metzenhausen in Trier, cathedral

Johann III. von Metzenhausen
Coat of arms of Johann III. von Metzenhausen

The biggest profane building of the town was located on the open space where we are now standing. Also the tithes were stored here. It burned down on 1 st February 1914.

fire of the
Fire of the "Marstall"

painting of the fire
Painting of the fire

On the left, the Büchel stele in front of the remains of the town. Erected in 1993, it commemorates Johann Büchel V (1754-1842), master clothier and mayor (1785/86 & 1794).

2 portrait buechel
Self-portrait of Johann Büchel

He also served revolutionary France as town juror in 1795/1796. His voluminous chronicle is the most important source concerning town history. In contrast to his contemporary Weckbecker who took advantage of the times of upheaval to become wealthy, Büchel ended up in poverty by sacrificing his interests for the common welfare of the town.To the left of the gate in front of us, we leave the cathedral close and arrive at the farmers' market which used to be held on a weekly basis.